Study Tips

9 Elements Of Study Habits

There are different elements of study habits that are considered essential in the overall academic performance of students. These elements are determinants of effective study habits.

The student’s attitude to these issues determines to an extent whether the student’s studies would be fruitful or not.

Without delay, let’s dive into the 9 elements of study habits.

What Are The Elements Of Study Habits?

Here is the list of the elements:

1. Time management
2. Timetable
3. Use Of Library
4. Textbooks And Reference Books
5. Lesson/Lecture Notes
6. Group Discussions
7. Use Of Mnemonics Or Special Abbreviations
8. Homework/Assignments
9. Reading

studying habits


1. Time Management

Time management is essential to effective and efficient reading and studying. It refers to the ability of the student to budget the available time for the subjects of study judiciously. If a student can budget his time economically and rationally, such a student would do the right thing at the right time.

The student also will not suffer the loss of time, as he/she would have occupied the available time.

  • How To Budget And Manage Time

Some students complain that lectures are so crowded that there is hardly any time to study. Others are domestic chores as excuses for the absence of study time. A thing that may surprise students is that no matter the circumstances there will always be sufficient study time for anyone who means to study.

The following steps should be taken for effective and efficient management of time:

Acquire a calendar and memorandum book: If you are unable to afford one, then get at least a calendar with large blocks for each date.

  • Re-examine your activities for each day:

Note the convenient hours available for your study in which there may be any intrusion from whatever source. These hours should be calculated as a number of hours available for study from Monday to Friday.

  • List the courses/subjects you intend to study in order of importance and difficulty:

Bear in mind the number of hours available for study in a week and the length of time you can study a subject at a stretch, which is in the average 55 minutes for adolescents. Allot more time for the more difficult ones.

  •  The student should examine the weekends:

Saturdays and Sundays with the view to identifying possible study periods. Usually, Saturdays and Sundays are particularly crowded for most people. The step to take in budgeting your study time is to calculate the time intervals between your usual Saturday and Sunday activities. Sum the hours and minutes in these intervals you have noted and consider the result.

  •  In identifying available time for studying

You should re-examine each social activity in a day and attempt to answer the following questions with each activity in mind:

How much time will this activity take?
What is the purpose of this activity?
Would this activity enhance my academic performance?
Can I avoid this activity without many adverse consequences?
Have I anything to gain if I drop this activity?

Assess your response to each of the questions. If your response shows that the activity will take a reasonable length of your time, that engaging in the activity implies a wastage of good study time, and that its avoidance will not bring any serious consequence on you, it will therefore be most reasonable to shelve the activity and include the time saved to the study time available to you.

By the time you subject most of your day-to-day activities to this form of analysis, you will discover that most activities you had previously engaged in, and probably may have hampered your academic performance. Doing this will enable you to have plenty of time for your studies.

2. Timetable

The student who has acquired basic knowledge in each of the subjects will now do some remedial studies. He/she should as well know that it is relatively more difficult to study a subject in which he/she is not interested but which he must pass. Although, naturally, a student gives attention to some subjects or courses due to natural interest at the expense of others.

A wise student, therefore plans his timetable in such a way that it will accommodate all the subjects or courses. A student is also advised to incorporate an interlude of recreation between studies as a way of refreshing his or her brain.

The personal timetable should be planned with due consideration to the following questions:

1. How many hours a week can you make available for study?
2. How many hours a week do you spend on work, lectures, practical, parties, meals, recreation, traveling, and sleep?

It is recommended that you have a personal study timetable because it saves you from the embarrassment of not knowing what subjects to study each day.

3. Use Of Library

According to Encyclopedia Britannica/Americana, a library is an organized collection of books and nonbook materials used for study, research, and recreation.

The use of the library is another element of study habits that aid in academic work. The student library is a pillar of success.

Hardworking students receive a great deal of help as they follow the rules and regulations of the library. The user (students) needs to learn much about the library to help them use the library effectively for their studies and research work.

4. Textbooks And Reference Books

Textbooks and reference books are additional sources of information for you. Relevant reference books go a long way to prepare students for examinations. Ask for recommended textbooks for your subject from your teacher or other qualified persons. You may buy or borrow all relevant textbooks.

Read reference books, magazines, and other useful books for additional information on your subjects.

Materials for assignments may not necessarily be found in handouts or lecture notes. You will have to read other textbooks to have well-balanced information.

5. Lesson/Lecture Notes

Books are important but they are not a substitute for effective teaching. It is therefore essential that students attend lectures or lessons punctually and listen attentively to what teachers emphasize.

Take functional notes by writing down the salient points of a topic. Take intelligent notes in class and use understandable language. During reading, ensure that you have a piece of paper and pen to write the main points on a topic. Make headlines and sub-headlines as you read and jot down facts under them.

6. Group Discussions

For a study to be effective, the need for group discussions of students of like minds and interests is vital.

About three or five students should form a discussion group. Each member should be willing to contribute meaningfully to the discussion. Discuss issues, problems, and past examination questions from time to time. Study in advance to ensure lively discussions.

9 Elements Of Study Habits

7. Use Of Mnemonics Or Special Abbreviations

The word Mnemonic is a Greek word meaning “aiding the memory”. Many important mnemonics devices discovered and developed are based on forming mental images.

Mnemonics are words, phrases, and letters that serve as a quick reminder to you. They are condensed or shortened forms of lengthy sentences or paragraphs.

For example, “The law of demand and supply states that the lower the price the lower the quantity demanded. To enable you to recall this quickly, you can simply write The LOP, the HIQUAD, The HP, or the LOQUAD.

8. Homework Or Assignment

This is another element of study habits. Students’ attitudes to homework and assignments may sometimes serve as a yardstick to measure the degree of seriousness of a student to his studies.

The importance of homework and assignment in a student’s life cannot be overemphasized. It motivates students to learn and keeps them busy with their academic work at home.

9. Reading

Although reading covers all the elements, it is also an element of study habits. About 50% of learned information is possibly acquired through reading. One can imagine what learning would look like without reading. It would probably be boring and difficult. Through reading, the mind and view of the writer regarding a particular issue are exposed.

In Summary

To be able to study effectively a student must make his or her reading habits as necessary and consistent as possible.

That’s it, here comes the end of the elements of study habits.


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